This sport was invented in the 1930s by Włodzimierz Robakowski, Polish PE teacher.
Robakowski was watching shermen, playing on the Mazurian Lakes (the biggest complex of lakes in Poland). They were throwing buoys through broken, leaking nets, which were no longer used for shing. Inspired by this, he decided to check how to throw the ball through a similar net. Ringnetball consists in throwing the ball with two hands through three holes (rings) in the net. The middle one is the largest (diameter 70cm) and two side ones 50 cm each.
After each action, there is a rotation of players – they change their positions so as everybody could serve, be a playmaker and throw the ball through all the holes.


The game begins with a serve from the end line of the court. The server hits the ball above the net, like in volleyball. Then, however, the opposing team has to catch it and either pass or throw the ball through one of the holes.
People with disabilities (including those in wheelchairs) were playing Ringnetball and the other, traditional games together with the able-bodied thanks to the adaptations of these sports to their needs. It was a successful initiative, implemented not only in Poland, but also in the Project’s Partner countries (Turkey, Bulgaria and Macedonia).


The elderly can also play this sport, which I have proven, by running the successful, practical activities for the students of the University of the Third Age at the Vistula University in Warsaw. Since its revival, Ringnetball has been increasingly presented at important sporting events around the world, including. among others:

  • World Sport for All Games,
  • European Sport for All Games,
  • This Polish sport was shown by our team during the rst edition of the European Sport forAll Games in Friesland (the Netherlands) in 2018.

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